Thursday, January 14, 2010

THE COMPETITIVENESS ANALYSIS OF MAIZE AND PADDY FARMING IN BOLAANG MONGONDOW REGENCY, NORTH SULAWESI PROVINCE

Zulkifli Mantau

ABSTRACT

The aims of this research are : (1) to analyze the profitability of maize and paddy farming in Kabupaten Bolaang Mongondow, (2) to analyze the comparative and competitive advantages of maize and paddy farming in Kabupaten Bolaang Mongondow, (3) to analyze the impact of government policy on competitiveness of maize and paddy farming in Kabupaten Bolaang Mongondow, (4) to analyze the price changed sensitivity of input, output and wage of labor on comparative and competitive advantages of maize farming in Kabupaten Bolaang Mongondow. The analysis method use a Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM). The PAM results showed that private and social profitability of maize farming are Rp. 218 926 and Rp. 3 045 938. Private Cost Ratio of maize and paddy farming were 0.97 and 0.69. Domestic Resources Cost Ratio of maize and paddy farming were 0.65 and 0.68. Based on the results of Output Transfer and Nominal Protection Coefficient of Output can be indicated that output price in domestic market was lower than output price in international market. Based on the results of Input Transfer and Nominal Coefficient on Input can be indicated that there’s subsidy policy impact in input price of maize farming. In additional, factor transfer result indicated that there’s tax policy impact in domestic factors. The result of Effective Protection Coefficient of maize (0.80) indicates that there’s low protection of maize product in Bolmong. Net Transfer result was negative. The profitability rates of maize farming just only 7 percent in private price. Subsidy Ratio to Producers was negative. It means that there’s a high budget of production budget of maize farming, especially in private factor. Finally, based on sensitivity analysis can be shown that the ninth scenario (fertilizer price decreased 10 percent and output price increased 30 percent) was the best scenario with result of private and social profitabilities, PCR and DRCR are Rp. 3 027 171/ year and Rp. 6 849 398/ year, 0.69 and 0.46.

Keywords : comparative and competitive advantages, maize and paddy farming, Policy Analysis Matrix

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